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Michelangelo Buonarroti and Leonardo da Vinci →

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The ancient Greek Classical Civilization classical influenced mainly art, and culture, than politics. The classical civilization of Greece and their works contributed to the establishment of a Mediterranean city. The work of ancient Greek influenced to a great extent the Roman culture and works. The works of the ancient Greek were built on and expanded by the Romans. The works have continued to remain the same and influence art in many aspects. The classical civilization of the Greek can well be represented by the philosophy and works of the Greeks. These works have represented and served as attributes for the ancient Greeks. The Romans have derived most of the Greek philosophy and art to their work. The Romans have kept this work by continuously modifying and keeping some aspects of the Greek arts.  The artistic or philosophical merit of three works of the ancient Greek Classification and the speculation of the work in A.D civilization is discussed.

The Classical age was the culmination of the Greek art. This was in ca. 500-330 BC (Stearns 234). The large scale sculpture history began in this era. The sculpture took the form of architectural and statues sculpture. The architectural sculpture can take two forms. The first form is the “in-the-round” form which is normally presented in a three dimensional form as a sculpture. The other and second form is “relief” which is a carving that is done and presented on a flat surface.

The key materials that were used to make the large scale Greek sculptures were mainly bronze and stone, which was mainly the marble. It is worth to note that the sculptures that were made of bronze and were represented in bronze statues were made in hollow form. The works of the ancient Greek have continued to exist. However, few of the ancient Greek work are what have survived to date.  The few that have survived are mainly through the Roman copies and adoptions.

The Classical age Greek are aesthetic is known as classism. This is a name given by the Western Aesthetics. The ancient Greek Classical sculpture is balanced, clear and restrained. This is indicated by the facial expression of the sculptures. The classical figure facial expressions are solemn and composed. In the classical age, the two foremost sculptors were Polyclitus and Phidias (Robert 24).

Phidias as a sculptor is famous for the design of the sculptures of the Parthenon. In addition, Phidias is also known for the two colossal works. The first one is the statues of Zeus which was for the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. The other work was the statue of Athena that was done for the Parthenon (Stearns 245). The two statues were enormous; however, none survives. The statues were around forty feet tall. In addition, the two statues were made and contained ivory plates that were laid over the wooden frame. They also composed of gold detailing.

Most of the Greek temples were covered in relief and in-the-round sculpture. The same applied for the Parthenon that was covered with relief. This is a sculpture on a flat surface and the in-the-round sculpture which is a three dimensional sculpture in totality. The British Museum has a significant fraction of the Parthenon sculptures. The Parthenon sculptures found in this Museum is called Elgin Marbles.

In addition, The Ancient Greeks made potteryfor use in everyday life. The work was not for display. Nonetheless, Panathenaic Amphoraethewine decanters is an exception. This was won as a trophy in the Olympic Games. The other famous surviving pottery include; drinking vessels like as amphorae, hydria  for water jars,kraters as bowls for mixing wine and water, libation bowls, cups and jugs. In addition, Painted funeral urns have can also be found in some instances (Bernal 150). The Miniatures were also shaped in sizable numbers, for use as in temples offering purposes. The picture below shows some of the pottery in ancient Greek.

The present work has been influenced by the Greek arts, and an example, is the famous, Venus de Milo work. This is illustrated in the below picture.

The prehistoric Greek architects worked hard for the accuracy and were brilliant in their workmanship. This was the hallmarks for most Greek art. They used formulas invented in the early sixth century B.C. These formulas have continued to influence the architecture of the present time. The Greek Temple exemplifies the methods and aims of Greek architecture. This is despite the fact that the ancient Greeks erected varied buildings types. Ionic, Corinthian, and Doric are the foremost orders Classical Greek temples architecture (Robert 43). Parthenonrepresents the temple of the Doric order. Erechtheum represents the Ionic order, and of Zeus represents the Corinthian order. All the temples are situated in Athens. The pictures below show examples of a temple and theatres.

In conclusion, ancient Greece art of has exercised a colossal influence on the culture of many nations. This is from the prehistoric times to the contemporary times. The Greek art foremost physical categories include; sculpture, architecture, coin design, and pottery. Many diverse materials were used by the Greeks in their sculptures. This included limestone, marble, and stone. These were the abundant materials, in Greece. Additional materials like clay were also used. However, because of their fragile nature only a small portion survived. The Greek statues and sculptures are significant as most of them tell stories on the Greek culture, Gods, Mythical Creatures, Heroes, and Events (Robert 25). The famous examples of Greek sculpture that continue to exist and receive global acknowledgment include; the Venus de Milo, Parthenon Marbles, and Winged Victory of Samothrace. Others are the Discobolos, which is known as The Discus Thrower by Myron. In addition, the Agamemnon's Death Mask, which are stone statues, of humans, like the limestone Kouros which is a male and Kore which is a female status that was made in c.590 BC is also an example of the work (Bernal 134).

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